Paeonia lactiflora – 10% Total Glucosides of Peony (TPG)
It is said that the ancient Greek healer Paeos used the roots of the white flowering Ranunculaceae plant to heal the gods injured during the Trojan wars. From thereafter it was known as Paeonia. The root of Paeonia lactiflora has a long history in traditional Chinese medicine as well.
Paeonia lactiflora is commonly known as white peony, garden peony, and Chinese peony. In China, Korea, and Japan, a decoction of the dried root without bark of Paeonia lactiflora has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, hepatitis, dysmenorrhea, muscle cramping and spasms, and fever for more than 1,200 years.
The information herein is intended for educational purposes only. This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care. The information provided should not be used during any medical emergency. Not intended to be used for the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, or curing of any medical condition. Consult with your healthcare provider before using any herbal supplement.
A decoction of the Phyllanthus niruri (Chanca Piedra, Stone Breaker) herb has been traditionally used to help eliminate kidney stones and gallbladder stones (gallstones). According to the Ayurvedic system of medicine, Phyllanthus niruri is considered cooling and anti-inflammatory. In ethnomedical systems around the world, it is thought to be effective against bronchitis, leprosy, malaria, gonorrhea, syphilis, hepatitis, herpes, and anemia, as well as to promote urinary discharge. According to the Unani system of medicine, it stimulates digestion in the stomach and is useful for sores, in chronic dysentery, and for jaundice.
Bai Shao, Chi Shao, Chinese Peony, Common Peony, Coral Peony, Cortex Moutan, European Peony, Jiu Chao Bai Shao, Moutan, Mu Dan Pi, Paeonia, Paeonia Alba, Paeonia Albiflora, Paeonia Anomala, Paeonia Arborea, Paeonia Arietina, Paeonia Beresowskii, Paeonia Caucasica, Paeonia Corallina, Paeonia Coriacea, Paeonia Daurica, Paeonia Japonica, Paeonia Kavachensis, Paeonia Lactiflora, Paeonia Mascula, Paeonia Microcarpa, Paeonia Moutan, Paeonia Obovata, Paeonia Officinalis, Paeonia Paradoxa, Paeonia Suffruticosa, Paeonia Triternata, Paeonia Veitchii, Paeonia Willmottiae, Paeonia Woodwardii, Paeoniae Flos, Paeoniae Radix, Peonía, Peony Flower, Peony Root, Piney, Pivoine, Pivoine Arbustive, Pivoine Blanche, Pivoine Commune, Pivoine de Chine, Pivoine des Jardins, Pivoine en Arbre, Pivoine Moutan, Pivoine Officinale, Pivoine Rouge, Racine de Pivoine, Radix Paeoniae, Radix Paeoniae Alba, Radix Paeoniae Rubra, Radix Peony, Red Peony, Shakuyaku, Shao Yao, Tree Peony, Ud Saleeb, Udsalam, Udsalap, White Peony
Tannins: 1,2,3,6-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose, (+)-catechin and 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose
Glucosides: paeoniflorin, oxy-paeoniflorin, benzoylpaooniflorin, albiflorin R1, paeoniflorigenone, galloylpaeoniflorin, (Z)-(1S,5R)-β-pinen-10-yl-β-vicianoside,lacioflorin, paeonilactones (A-C), & daucos-terol, galloylpaeoniflorin, paeonin,paeonolide, and paeonol
Sterols: campesterol , 4-hydroxyacetopenone, kaempferol, 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoic acid, hederagenin
Clinical demonstrations show no adverse reactions at doses as high as 30 grams of decoction, even when taken for extended periods of time.